But the most unique and fascinating feature of the cycle of Venus is the remarkable way it conforms, cycle after cycle, to a five-fold pattern. Because the orbit of Venus lies within Earth's, from our geocentric point of view Venus always leads or follows the Sun by no more than Another special feature of the Venus cycle which it shares with the Mercury cycle, because the two bodies both lie within earth's orbit is that Venus forms two very different types of geocentric conjunctions with the Sun — the inferior conjunction and the superior conjunction.
A Venus cycle begins at the inferior conjunction, when Venus is exactly between the Sun and the Earth. At the superior conjunction, which is equivalent to the opposition aspect, Venus is on the far side of the Sun, with the Sun standing exactly between the Earth and Venus.
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The inferior conjunction, equivalent to the New Moon phase of the lunation cycle, occurs when Venus is in the middle of its retrograde cycle and moving quite slowly across the zodiac. It is then nearest to the Earth and, from our point of view, dark. Rising before the Sun, Venus appears in the pre-dawn sky about a week after the inferior conjunction, when the Sun and Venus are about ten degrees apart. As a herald of the new day, Venus is called Phosphorus and Lucifer , the latter name meaning "light bearer.
Venus turns direct about three weeks after the inferior conjunction. Thirty-six days after the inferior conjunction, Venus is most brilliant in the morning sky. Thirty-six days more, Venus reaches its maximum distance from the Sun. At this time, Venus is moving through the zodiac at the same speed as the Sun, and gaining. For several weeks before and after the superior conjunction, however, Venus is so close to the Sun in the sky that it is no longer visible.
Venus is furthest from the Earth at superior conjunction, which is equivalent to the opposition aspect and the Full Moon phase of the lunation cycle. The superior conjunction inaugurates the hemicycle in which Venus plays the role of the Evening Star, Hesperus , which means western.
Thirty-six days after the superior conjunction, when the Sun and Venus are about ten zodiacal degrees apart, Venus first appears in the evening sky, setting after the Sun. Two-hundred and sixteen days 6 x 36 days after the superior conjunction, Venus again reaches its maximum distance from the Sun — about 47 degrees, but maximum elongation varies slightly from cycle to cycle. It occurs when the motion of Venus equals the Sun's, and is slowing. Thirty-six days later which is also thirty-six days before the next inferior conjunction , Venus is most brilliant , outshining all other objects in the evening sky.
Then, about two weeks later, Venus begins its forty-day retrograde journey , in the middle of which occurs the inferior conjunction, the birth of new cycle. But about twelve days before the inferior conjunction Venus becomes no longer visible in the sky. Because Venus rotates one-hundred and eighty degrees on its polar axis between inferior conjunctions, at each superior conjunction Venus shows Earth the face that during the inferior conjunction faced the Sun, while the side that was facing the Earth during the conjunction now faces the Sun.
But this is not the most extraordinary feature of the Venus cycle. When one plots the cycle of any important turning point of the cycle of Venus for five or more consecutive cycles, a remarkable pattern forcefully emerges — a five-pointed star! So many factors figure into the remarkably stable five-fold structure of the Venus cycle that we can only outline here a few of the most important. Additionally, phenomenon of Venus occur in steps of thirty-six days or in multiples of thirty-six. Maximum brightness occurs thirty-six days after the inferior conjunction; the next step, maximum elongation occurs thirty-six days later; and the superior conjunction occurs days or 6 x 36 days after maximum elongation.
In the evening star phase, maximum elongation occurs days after the superior conjunction; maximum brightness takes place thirty-six days following maximum elongation and thirty-six days more brings the inferior conjunction. The brief overview of the Venus cycle presented in the previous page provides a multiplicity of factors susceptible to astrological interpretation, and it offers a foundation for a process-oriented classification of Venus types.
As we'll presently see, each of the two types presents a particular emotional temperament and a particular sense of values, meaning, ideals and appreciation. Additionally, each of the two primary types carries a special retrograde subtype. Determining your Venus type is easy. First locate the Sun in your natal chart. On the other hand, if Venus is positioned counterclockwise from the Sun, your Venus type is of Hesperus, the Evening Star.
If you haven't had your birth chart calculated, simply look up your birth day and year in an ephemeris. If the Sun is further along the zodiac than Venus, your Venus type is Lucifer. If Venus is further along the zodiac than the Sun, it's Hesperus. While you're at it, check to see if Venus is retrograde indicated by the letter R in the Venus column above your birthdate. In the ephemeris and horoscope graphics generated by Khaldea TM , retrograde planets and listings are shown in red.
While the interpretation given here provides the most fundamental approach to the cycle of Venus and its place in astrology, it is important to note that it does not factor the latitude of Venus into the picture. Additionally, a thorough astrological consideration of one's emotional nature requires an examination of the house and sign occupied by Venus, as well as considering how other astrological planets, especially the Moon, Mars, Saturn and Neptune tie in with Venus and the chart as a whole. Nevertheless, the interpretations below provide the first and most fundamental approach, and they deal not only with our emotional make-up , but also with our value-system and how we interpret, evaluate and make sense of our life-experiences and the world around us.
A new Venus cycle opens when the Sun and Venus meet in inferior conjunction. It is a moment when the Venusian faculties of emotion and evaluation are impressed with what Dane Rudhyar calls a "new quality of will and purpose. The amount of ecliptical movement through the ecliptic throughout the time surrounding a station varies drastically for different planets. The same amount of movement extends far longer in time for the outer planets compared to the inner planets, as can be seen in this graphic illustration.
The result of this that we experience and feel the effects of a station far longer for the outer planets compared to the inner planets. This is because the slower a planet's speed, the more intense is its effects, biologically and physiologically. It is like focusing the Sun's light through a magnifying glass on a leaf for a longer time, eventually igniting the leaf. A planet's speed decreases at its two stations, where it appears to stand still reaching zero as it changes direction from Earth's perspective.
Venus Morning Star - Venus Evening Star - Astrodienst
A planet returns to is mean speed while the planet is "direct," occurring between its retrogrades. Orbital Velocity fastest to slowest Mercury: Although planetary speeds through the ecliptic change drastically during their retrogrades, and at their stations, where the speed becomes zero at its apparent change of direction, planetary orbital velocities around the Sun remain the same. The elliptical orbits of Mercury and Pluto have the greatest orbital eccentricities of the primary planets.
Exploration of planetary placements and their aspects in the context of synodic cycles and their themes can reveal a far more embracing astrological context underlying the natal chart since the natal chart is a punctual moment, a snapshot, occurring within the synodic symphony expressing the evolutionary unfoldment of human consciousness, which synodic cycles reveal.
If there is a retrograde planet in a natal chart, it can be quite revealing to explore the theme of the synod cycle that occurs during that retrograde as well as the previous synodic cycle theme which started during the previous retrograde. Since the ecliptical location of the actual synod of the retrograde planet may be different from the location of the retrograde planet at the time of birth, it is well worth exploring where the synod occurs in the chart, especially if it resides at a significant location in the chart; i.
This type of exploration can bring a far deeper understanding of the nature of a retrograde planet in a natal chart. The planetary placements in a natal sidereal heliocentric chart, their aspects, and the timing of the planetary cycles those aspects reveal delineate the transcendent evolutionary opportunity for the soul, which articulates through the natal sidereal geocentric chart as soul's manifest experience on Earth.
For example, consider that you have Jupiter approaching its first square to Saturn in a geocentric chart. The time leading into the first square in any cycle expresses as "stimulus to action. The Jupiter energetic delineates mobilization and expansion toward a greater truth, expression of your greater wisdom, etc.
The Saturn energetic brings context to Jupiter's stimulus to action, impelling mobilization and expansion from the established conformity and constructions of the past, etc. Now, if you search back in time to when Jupiter and Saturn conjoined in the heliocentric chart, you will find when and where the Jupiter-Saturn cycle began, which is the Jupiter-Saturn synod. The star alignments of the synod reveal the theme of that specific Jupiter-Saturn cycle. This brings embracing evolutionary context to the "stimulus to action" that your Jupiter-Saturn geocentric square impels.
If for example your Saturn is in sidereal Aquarius and your Jupiter is in sidereal Taurus in your geocentric chart, you would naturally look at those planets in the context of those signs and the stars expressing through their placements in those signs.
However, looking back in time to the Jupiter-Saturn synod, you would find it occurred in late sidereal Sagittarius, and of course with entirely different star alignments. This brings far greater context to the square, and to your stimulus to action, that you would not even be aware of when looking at your geocentric alignments alone.
Natal Venus Retrograde
Because Mercury orbits the Sun faster than Earth does, the Mercury Synodic cycle is the shortest averaging Earth days. The orbital rate of Mars is much closer to that of Earth, thus it takes longer for the Earth and Mars to re-align. Slow moving planets like Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto have cycles close to that of Earth's year because Earth catches up to those planets before they have moved very far in their orbits. A graphic timeline of Planetary Synodic Cycles. This timeline shows the inter-relationship between each planetary synodic cycle.
Synodic Cycles of the Planets: revealing the dates of each synodic cycle, their sidereal locations, and links to monthly Lunar Planners where their themes are presented.
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Synodic cycles occur not only with the Earth and a planet, but with any set of planets. Thus, there are many synodic cycles occurring at the same time, all with different starting times and all with different durations, and all are cycles occurring within our solar system's grand symphony—a divine orchestration of the evolutionary unfoldment of consciousness.
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Like an Earth-planet synodic cycle, the star alignments, looking from the Sun toward the two conjoining planets the heliocentric view , set the theme for any synodic cycle. Although there are many planetary synods occurring regularly, some cycles are less than a year in duration while others take many years. Cycles created by Mercury and another planet occur within one Earth year because Mercury orbits the Sun much faster than Earth, thus conjoining the other planets quite often.
Cycles created by very slow movers can take many years, like that of Uranus and Neptune for example, which has a duration of about Earth years. The last Uranus-Neptune synod occurred in , while the next will not occur until In the case of Pluto, Quaoar and Ixion, the synods of these planets occur in a very irregular and interrupted fashion. Because of the accentuated elliptical orbits of these planets, their rate of movement changes greatly throughout their orbital periods.
When one of these planets is furthest from the Sun in its orbit at its aphelion , its rate of movement is the slowest. When the planet is closest to the Sun at its perihelion , the planet moves its fastest—whipping around the Sun as if being hurled like an athlete would throw a discus. Because of the ever-changing orbital rates, one of these planets may overtake another, but then the second planet may speed up while the other slows down, allowing the second planet to overtake the first, similar to horses racing around a track, where each horse may change lead position several times as they make their way around the track.
Thus, in the case of these planets, one planet may overtake the other, and vice-versa as if they were competing for lead-place. Because of this, a synodic cycle never has a chance to finish, bur resynchronizes and changes its theme in mid-stream. All of the synodic cycles within our solar system created by the planets orbiting our Sun continuously formulate a symphonic expression that drives our evolutionary unfoldment. These heliocentric-based synodic cycles can be thought of as the longer-term backdrop themes underlying our more obvious or in-the-moment experience revealed by geocentrically-based planetary conjunctions.
The two following images show the difference between a heliocentric conjunction synod and a geocentric conjunction, and the shift in time between the two. In this example, all three planets move a bit further in their orbits after the synod before Mars and Jupiter conjoin from Earth's view. Thus, the synod energetic created by the heliocentric conjunction has a time-shifted expression on Earth. It is, however, the heliocentric conjunction that marks the start of the actual synodic cycle.
The actual synod between Mars and Jupiter.
Sun enters Scorpio
This is a heliocentric conjunction looking from the Sun. When a synod occurs between two planets, the planetary conjunction is seen looking from the Sun's perspective. The illustration supposes the Sun — Pluto cycle that starts with the Sun being in the same position as Pluto not illustrated but easy to figure out. An applying aspect is traditionally considered to have a stronger influence than a separating aspect.